In this section, you can read about the Portuguese rule in India that lasted for over 450 years. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in India and the last to leave. In c. 1498 CE, Vasco da Gama of Portugal discovered a new sea route from Europe to India.

What is the attingal revolt?

Attingal Outbreak (Attingal Revolt; AprilOctober 1721) refers to the massacre of 140 East India Company soldiers by native Indians and the following siege of Fort Anjengo. The Attingal Outbreak is often regarded as the first organized revolt against British authority in Malabar, Cochin, Travancore, and India itself.

When was Anchuthengu fort built?

The Queen of Attingal gave permission to the British under the East India Company to make a factory in Anchuthengu in 1684. They also got a permission to build a fort in 1690 and the Anjengo Fort was built in 1695.

What is Attingal famous for?

Attingal Palace is the maternal home of the Travancore royal family. The great rulers of the kingdom, including Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma, were brought up in this palace situated at Kollampuzha, Attingal.

Who defeated the Dutch in India?

In the 1700s, the English began to fight the other colonial powers for dominance over the sub-continent. They finally defeated the Dutch in the Battle of Bedera in 1759 CE. Since then, the Dutch started losing their settlements in India one-by-one.

Which is the oldest fort in Kerala?

Pallipuram Fort
Pallippuram Fort
Type Island fort
Site information
Owner Government of Kerala
Controlled by Portugual () India (1947-)
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Which is the largest fort in Kerala?

Bekal Bekal Fort
Bekal Bekal Fort, is the largest fort in Kerala, situated at Bekal, Pallikera village in Hosdurg Taluk in Kasaragod district, Kerala and it is 65 km from Mangalore city spreading over 40 acres.

Which is the first fort in Kerala?

Among the first European forts in India, Fort Emmanuel was built in 1503 by the Portuguese. Situated at Fort Kochi, it was once a symbol of the alliance between the ruler of Kochi and the monarch of Portugal.

Which is the most powerful kingdom in Kerala?

The most powerful kingdom of Kerala during the era of European influences, Travancore, was developed through the expansion of Venad by Mahahrajah Marthanda Varma, a member of the Thrippappur branch of the Ay Dynasty who ascended to the throne in the early 18th century.

What is the old name of Kottayam?

Etymology. The royal palace of the Thekkumkur ruler was protected by a fort called Thaliyilkotta. It is believed that the name Kottayam is derived from a combination of the Malayalam words kotta which means fort (Thaliyilkotta) and akam which means inside.


Marthanda Varma
Kingdom of Travancore
17291758 (first) Marthanda Varma
18291846 (peak) Swathi Thirunal
19311949 (last) Chithira Thirunal
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