The history of Kolkata as a British settlement, known to the British as Calcutta, dates from the establishment of a trading post there by Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company, in 1690.
What is the old name of Kolkata?
Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. But the British called it Calcutta.
Why is Calcutta renamed as Kolkata?
Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.
Why was Calcutta capital of British India?
1765 Clive took Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from Badsha Alam II ( Delhi) with an agreement of paying excises. 1772 Calcutta became the capital of British India when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad.
What is Calcutta famous for?
Kolkata is a city of colonial architecture, museums, art galleries, traditional food, temples, music and theatre. It is an amalgamation of traditional and modern. It is famous for its theatre and films. It is the land of Rabindranath Tagore and the sound of Rabindra Sangeet can be heard from every house.
What is nickname of Kolkata?
City of Joy
List of Nicknames of Indian Cities
Name of Cities Nicknames of the Cities
Kolkata (West Bengal) 1. City of Joy 2. Cultural Capital of India 3. City of Surprises 4. City of Passion 5. Heaven of the Aged 6. City of Buildings 7. City of Palaces 8. City of Castles 9. Capital of West Bengal
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Why is Kolkata called black city?
Black City, Kolkata
Kolkata got this title due to various reasons. While one reason is the number of Europeans imprisoned in the Black Hole dungeon here, Goddess Kali (associated with colour black) is also widely worshipped in the city.
Which is bigger Kolkata or Bangalore?
BANGALORE: The IT capital has less than half the population of the Delhi National Capital Region and Mumbai. It’s smaller than Kolkata.
What is Mumbai old name?
Mumbai, formerly Bombay, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India.
Is Kolkata named after Kali?
The name Kolkata is said to have been derived from the word Kalikata devi of Kalighat Temple. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly.
Later it came under control of the Pala dynasty. From the beginning of the 13th century to the mid-18th century, when the British gained ascendancy, Bengal was under Muslim ruleat times under governors acknowledging the suzerainty of the Delhi sultanate but mainly under independent rulers.